Type Set of cruises
Chief scientist(s) ROYER Jean-Yves ORCID
Project manager ROYER Jean-Yves ORCID
DOI 10.18142/229

OHA-SIS-BIO - Observatory of HydroAcousticity from SISmicity and Biodiversity in the Indian Ocean - is a long-term hydroacoustic program for monitoring the seismic activity and the vocal activity of large marine mammals in the southern Indian Ocean. A network of autonomous hydrophones (9 moorings, 10 hydrophones) has been deployed and yearly maintained since 2010 between La Réunion, Crozet, Kerguelen and Amsterdam islands, taking advantage of the yearly journey of R/V Marion Dufresne to these southern islands.

The hydrophone array is designed to continuously monitor the earthquake activity associated with 3 contrasted spreading ridges (16 to 70 mm/yr) and with the intraplate deformation in the southern Central Indian Basin. This approach is very effective for detecting and locating low magnitude (>2.5) earthquakes, which are not recorded by the land-based seismological networks, and for deciphering magmatic from tectonic events. The objectives are to characterize the seismic climate of mid-oceanic ridges with ultra-slow, slow and intermediate spreading rates, and the temporal and spatial distribution of the intraplate deformation.

This observatory is also designed to monitor the vocal activity of large baleen whales. Passive acoustics is a very effective tool for monitoring the presence of these acoustically very active marine mammals.  At least 5 populations of blue whales are detected by our network. The objective is to improve knowledge of the presence, abundance and seasonal migrations of these large marine mammals, classified as endangered, over several annual cycles in the Southern Indian Ocean.

Our data also display unexpected information on the sea-state and icebergs (calving, collision, dislocation). These two applications also require long time-series to validate sea-state prediction models or to monitor the evolution of the oceanic ambient noise (natural or man-made).

All these objectives have in common that they require low-frequency hydroacoustic recordings (< 120 Hz) and continuous time series as long as possible to be representative of the seismic regime of spreading ridges, the whale activity or changes in ambient noise, in these remote and inaccessible parts of the world ocean.

This program is supported by the French Research Fleet, the CNRS (INSU), the University of Brest, and the Regional Council of Brittany.

Fin whale and tabular iceberg off the southern Kerguelen Plateau (taken in January 2010 by 58°S from R/V Marion Dufresne).

Published data

Leroy Emmanuelle C, Royer Jean-Yves, Bonnel Julien, Samaran Flore (2017). Inter- and intra-annual frequency variations of large-whale calls in the southern Indian ocean. https://doi.org/10.17882/51007

Leroy Emmanuelle C., Royer Jean-Yves, Bonnel Julien, Samaran Flore (2016). Antarctic blue whales in the southern Indian Ocean: a multi-year and multi-site database of Z-call detections. https://doi.org/10.17882/46124



Leroy Emmanuelle C, Royer Jean-Yves, Bonnel Julien, Samaran Flore (2018). Long-Term and Seasonal Changes of Large Whale Call Frequency in the Southern Indian Ocean. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 123(11), 8568-8580. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JC014352 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00516/62730/

Leroy Emmanuelle C., Thomisch Karolin, Royer Jean-Yves, Boebel Olaf, Van Opzeeland Ilse (2018). On the reliability of acoustic annotations and automatic detections of Antarctic blue whale calls under different acoustic conditions. Journal Of The Acoustical Society Of America, 144(2), 740-754. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5049803

Leroy Emmanuelle C., Samaran Flore, Stafford Kathleen M., Bonnel Julien, Royer Jean-Yves (2018). Broad-scale study of the seasonal and geographic occurrence of blue and fin whales in the Southern Indian Ocean. Endangered Species Research, 37, 289-300. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00927 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00516/62731/

Leroy Emmanuelle, Samaran Flore, Bonnel Julien, Royer Jean-Yves (2017). Identification of two potential whale calls in the southern Indian Ocean, and their geographic and seasonal occurrence. Journal Of The Acoustical Society Of America, 142(3), 1413-1427. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5001056

Tsang-Hin-Sun Eve, Royer Jean-Yves, Perrot Julie (2016). Seismicity and active accretion processes at the ultraslow-spreading Southwest and intermediate-spreading Southeast Indian ridges from hydroacoustic data. Geophysical Journal International, 206(2), 1232-1245. https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggw201

Leroy Emmanuelle C., Samaran Flore, Bonnel Julien, Royer Jean-Yves (2016). Seasonal and Diel Vocalization Patterns of Antarctic Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus intermedia) in the Southern Indian Ocean: A Multi-Year and Multi-Site Study. Plos One, 11(11), e0163587. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0163587

Socheleau Francois-Xavier, Leroy Emmanuelle, Pecci Andres Carvallo, Samaran Flore, Bonnel Julien, Royer Jean-Yves (2015). Automated detection of Antarctic blue whale calls. Journal Of The Acoustical Society Of America, 138(5), 3105-3117. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.4934271

Tsang-Hin-Sun Eve, Royer Jean-Yves, Leroy Emmanuelle C. (2015). Low-frequency sound level in the Southern Indian Ocean. Journal Of The Acoustical Society Of America, 138(6), 3439-3446. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.4936855

Ardhuin FabriceORCID, Lavanant Thibaut, Obrebski Mathias, Marie Louis, Royer Jean-Yves, D'Eu Jean-Francois, Howe Bruce M., Lukas Roger, Aucan Jerome (2013). A numerical model for ocean ultra-low frequency noise: Wave-generated acoustic-gravity and Rayleigh modes. Journal Of The Acoustical Society Of America, 134(4), 3242-3259. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1121/1.4818840 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00176/28748/