Type Oceanographic cruise
Ship Le Suroît
Ship owner Ifremer
Dates 03/04/2013 - 26/04/2013
Chief scientist(s) CONAN Pascal


Laboratoire Arago

BP 44


+33 4 68 88 73 15

DOI 10.17600/13020030
Objective Studying the role played by formation of deep water in the chemical composition and budgets of matter in the Mediterranean. Understanding the relationships between the way plankton food webs are organized and the hydrodynamic structures. The related project is MISTRALS - MerMEX.

Data managed by SISMER



Somot Samuel, Houpert Loic, Sevault Florence, Testor Pierre, Bosse Anthony, Taupier-Letage Isabelle, Bouin Marie-Noelle, Waldman Robin, Cassou Christophe, Sanchez-Gomez Emilia, Durrieu De Madron Xavier, Adloff Fanny, Nabat Pierre, Herrmann Marine (2018). Characterizing, modelling and understanding the climate variability of the deep water formation in the North-Western Mediterranean Sea. Climate Dynamics, 51(3), 1179-1210.

Leroux R., Gregori G., Leblanc K., Carlotti F., Thyssen M., Dugenne M., Pujo-Pay M., Conan P., Jouandet M-P, Bhairya N., Berline L. (2018). Combining laser diffraction, flow cytometry and optical microscopy to characterize a nanophytoplankton bloom in the northwestern Mediterranean. Progress In Oceanography, 163, 248-259.

Leblanc Karine, Queguiner Bernard, Diaz Frederic, Cornet Veronique, Michel-Rodriguez Monica, De Madron Xavier Durrieu, Bowler Chris, Malviya Shruti, Thyssen Melilotus, Gregori Gerald, Rembauville Mathieu, Grosso Olivier, Poulain Julie, De Vargas Colomban, Pujo-Pay Mireille, Conan Pascal (2018). Nanoplanktonic diatoms are globally overlooked but play a role in spring blooms and carbon export. Nature Communications, 9(1), 953 (12p.).

Testor Pierre, Bosse Anthony, Houpert Loic, Margirier Felix, Mortier Laurent, Legoff Herve, Dausse Denis, Labaste Matthieu, Karstensen Johannes, Hayes Daniel, Olita Antonio, Ribotti Alberto, Schroeder Katrin, Chiggiato Jacopo, Onken Reiner, Heslop Emma, Mourre Baptiste, D'Ortenzio Fabrizio, Mayot Nicolas, Lavigne Heloise, De Fommervault Orens, Coppola Laurent, Prieur Louis, Taillandier Vincent, De Madron Xavier Durrieu, Bourrin Francois, Many Gael, Damien Pierre, Estournel Claude, Marsaleix Patrick, Taupier-Letage Isabelle, Raimbault Patrick, Waldman Robin, Bouin Marie-Noelle, Giordani Herve, Caniaux Guy, Somot Samuel, Ducrocq Veronique, Conan Pascal (2018). Multiscale Observations of Deep Convection in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea During Winter 2012-2013 Using Multiple Platforms. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 123(3), 1745-1776.

Conan Pascal, Testor Pierre, Estournel Claude, D'Ortenzio Fabrizio, Pujo-Pay Mireille, Durrieu De Madron Xavier Preface to the Special Section: Dense water formations in the North Western Mediterranean: from the physical forcings to the biogeochemical consequences. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans IN PRESS.

Kessouri Faycal, Ulses Caroline, Estournel Claude, Marsaleix Patrick, Severin Tatiana, Pujo-Pay Mireille, Caparros Jocelyne, Raimbault Patrick, De Fommervault Orens Pasqueron, D'Ortenzio Fabrizio, Taillandier Vincent, Testor Pierre, Conan Pascal (2017). Nitrogen and Phosphorus Budgets in the Northwestern Mediterranean Deep Convection Region. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 122(12), 9429-9454.

Margirier Felix, Bosse Anthony, Testor Pierre, L'Heveder Blandine, Mortier Laurent, Smeed David (2017). Characterization of Convective Plumes Associated With Oceanic Deep Convection in the Northwestern Mediterranean From High Resolution In-Situ Data Collected by Gliders. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 122(12), 9814-9826.

Mayot Nicolas, D'Ortenzio Fabrizio, Taillandier Vincent, Prieur Louis, De Fommervault Orens Pasqueron, Claustre Herve, Bosse Anthony, Testor Pierre, Conan Pascal (2017). Physical and biogeochemical controls of the phytoplankton blooms in North-Western Mediterranean Sea: A multiplatform approach over a complete annual cycle (2012-2013 DEWEX experiment). Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 122(12), 9999-10019.

Waldman Robin, Herrmann Marine, Somot Samuel, Arsouze Thomas, Benshila Rachid, Bosse Anthony, Chanut Jerome, Giordani Herve, Sevault Florence, Testor Pierre (2017). Impact of the Mesoscale Dynamics on Ocean Deep Convection: The 2012-2013 Case Study in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 122(11), 8813-8840.

Coppola L., Prieur L., Taupier-Letage I., Estournel C., Testor P., Lefevre D., Belamari S., Le Reste Serge, Taillandier V. (2017). Observation of oxygen ventilation into deep waters through targeted deployment of multiple Argo-O 2 floats in the north-western Mediterranean Sea in 2013. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 122(8), 6325-6341. Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :

Bosse Anthony, Testor Pierre, Mayot Nicolas, Prieur Louis, D'Ortenzio Fabrizio, Mortier Laurent, Le Goff Herve, Gourcuff Claire, Coppola Laurent, Lavigne Heloise, Raimbault Patrick (2017). A submesoscale coherent vortex in the Ligurian Sea: From dynamical barriers to biological implications. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 122(8), 6196-6217.

Lebeaupin Brossier Cindy, Leger Fabien, Giordani Herve, Beuvier Jonathan, Bouin Marie-Noelle, Ducrocq Veronique, Fourrie Nadia (2017). Dense Water Formation in the North-Western Mediterranean area during HyMeX-SOP2 in 1/36° ocean simulations: Ocean-atmosphere coupling impact. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 122(7), 5749-5773.

Roesler Collin, Uitz Julia, Claustre Herve, Boss Emmanuel, Xing Xiaogang, Organelli Emanuele, Briggs Nathan, Bricaud Annick, Schmechtig Catherine, Poteau Antoine, D'Ortenzio Fabrizio, Ras Josephine, Drapeau Susan, Haentjens Nils, Barbieux Marie (2017). Recommendations for obtaining unbiased chlorophyll estimates from in situ chlorophyll fluorometers: A global analysis of WET Labs ECO sensors. Limnology And Oceanography-methods, 15(6), 572-585.

Severin Tatiana, Kessouri Faycal, Rembauville Mathieu, Sanchez-Perez Elvia Denisse, Oriol Louise, Caparros Jocelyne, Pujo-Pay Mireille, Ghiglione Jean-Francois, D'Ortenzio Fabrizio, Taillandier Vincent, Mayot Nicolas, De Madron Xavier Durrieu, Ulses Caroline, Estournel Claude, Conan Pascal (2017). Open-ocean convection process: A driver of the winter nutrient supply and the spring phytoplankton distribution in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 122(6), 4587-4601.

Caniaux G., Prieur L., Giordani H., Redelsperger Jean-Luc (2017). An inverse method to derive surface fluxes from the closure of oceanic heat and water budgets: Application to the north-western Mediterranean Sea. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 122(4), 2884-2908.

Donoso Katty, Carlotti Francois, Pagano Marc, Hunt Brian P. V., Escribano Ruben, Berline Leo (2017). Zooplankton community response to the winter 2013 deep convection process in the NW Mediterranean Sea. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 122(3), 2319-2338.

Durrieu De Madron Xavier, Ramondenc S., Berline L., Houpert L., Bosse Anthony, Martini S., Guidi L., Conan P., Curtil C., Delsaut N., Kunesch S., Ghiglione J. F., Marsaleix P., Pujo-Pay M., Severin T., Testor P., Tamburini C. (2017). Deep sediment resuspension and thick nepheloid layer generation by open-ocean convection. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 122(3), 2291-2318.

Waldman Robin, Somot Samuel, Herrmann Marine, Bosse Anthony, Caniaux Guy, Estournel Claude, Houpert Loic, Prieur Louis, Sevault Florence, Testor Pierre (2017). Modeling the intense 2012-2013 dense water formation event in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea: Evaluation with an ensemble simulation approach. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 122(2), 1297-1324.

Herrmann Marine, Auger Pierre-Amael, Ulses Caroline, Estournel Claude (2017). Long-term monitoring of ocean deep convection using multisensors altimetry and ocean color satellite data. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 122(2), 1457-1475.

Estournel Claude, Testor Pierre, Taupier-Letage Isabelle, Bouin Marie-Noelle, Coppola Laurent, Durand Pierre, Conan Pascal, Bosse Anthony, Brilouet Pierre-Etienne, Beguery Laurent, Belamari Sophie, Beranger Karine, Beuvier Jonathan, Bourras Denis, Canut Guylaine, Doerenbecher Alexis, Durrieu De Madron Xavier, D'Ortenzio Fabrizio, Drobinski Philippe, Ducrocq Veronique, Fourrie Nadia, Giordani Herve, Houpert Loic, Labatut Laurent, Brossier Cindy Lebeaupin, Nuret Mathieu, Prieur Louis, Roussot Odile, Seyfried Leo, Somot Samuel (2016). HyMeX-SOP2: The Field Campaign Dedicated to Dense Water Formation in the Northwestern Mediterranean. Oceanography, 29(4), 196-206.

Bosse Anthony, Testor Pierre, Houpert Loic, Damien Pierre, Prieur Louis, Hayes Daniel, Taillandier Vincent, Durrieu De Madron Xavier, D'Ortenzio Fabrizio, Coppola Laurent, Karstensen Johannes, Mortier Laurent (2016). Scales and dynamics of Submesoscale Coherent Vortices formed by deep convection in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 121(10), 7716-7742.

Waldman Robin, Somot Samuel, Herrmann Marine, Testor Pierre, Estournel Claude, Sevault Florence, Prieur Louis, Mortier Laurent, Coppola Laurent, Taillandier Vincent, Conan Pascal, Dausse Denis (2016). Estimating dense water volume and its evolution for the year 2012-2013 in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea: An observing system simulation experiment approach. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 121(9), 6696-6716.

Leger Fabien, Brossier Cindy Lebeaupin, Giordani Herve, Arsouze Thomas, Beuvier Jonathan, Bouin Marie-Noelle, Bresson Emilie, Ducrocq Veronique, Fourrie Nadia, Nuret Mathieu (2016). Dense water formation in the north-western Mediterranean area during HyMeX-SOP2 in 1/36° ocean simulations: Sensitivity to initial conditions. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 121(8), 5549-5569.

Estournel Claude, Testor Pierre, Damien Pierre, D'Ortenzio Fabrizio, Marsaleix Patrick, Conan Pascal, Kessouri Faycal, De Madron Xavier Durrieu, Coppola Laurent, Lellouche Jean-Michel, Belamari Sophie, Mortier Laurent, Ulses Caroline, Bouin Marie-Noelle, Prieur Louis (2016). High resolution modeling of dense water formation in the north-western Mediterranean during winter 2012-2013: Processes and budget. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 121(7), 5367-5392.

Bosse Anthony, Testor Pierre, Mortier Laurent, Prieur Louis, Taillandier Vincent, D'Ortenzio Fabrizio, Coppola Laurent (2015). Spreading of Levantine Intermediate Waters by submesoscale coherent vortices in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea as observed with gliders. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 120(3), 1599-1622.