IRIS

Type Oceanographic cruise
Ship L'Atalante
Ship owner Ifremer
Dates 22/05/2001 - 20/06/2001
Chief scientist(s) FOUQUET Yves

GM-GEOSCIENCES MARINES

IFREMER Centre de Bretagne

ZI Pointe du diable

CS 10070

29280 PLOUZANE

+33(0)2 98.22.42.24

geosciences.marines@ifremer.fr

http://wwz.ifremer.fr/gm

DOI 10.17600/1010050
Objective

The IRIS cruise is a continuation of research conducted since 1992 on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge south of the Azores. Previous cruises revealed the existence of four hydrothermal fields of contrasting characteristics on four different segments of the Ridge. These fields made it possible to study the influence of water depth, nature of of footwall rocks, tectonic activity and volcanic activity on hydrothermal processes. The purpose of the IRIS cruise is to conduct detailed work on the Rainbow field and continue the exploration of the ridge South of the Azores.

Data managed by SISMER

Sampling operations

Dives

Bibliography

Publications

Dyment Jerome, Szitkar Florent, Levaillant Damien (2018). Ridge propagation, oceanic core complexes, and ultramafic-hosted hydrothermalism at Rainbow (MAR 36°N): Insights from a multi-scale magnetic exploration. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 502, 23-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2018.08.054


Evrard Catherine, Fouquet Yves, Moelo Yves, Rinnert EmmanuelORCID, Etoubleau Joel, Langlade Jessica (2015). Tin concentration in hydrothermal sulphides related to ultramafic rocks along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge: a mineralogical study. European Journal Of Mineralogy, 27(5), 627-638. https://doi.org/10.1127/ejm/2015/0027-2472


Andreani Muriel, Escartin Javier, Delacour Adelie, Ildefonse Benoit, Godard Marguerite, Dyment Jerome, Fallick Anthony E., Fouquet Yves (2014). Tectonic structure, lithology, and hydrothermal signature of the Rainbow massif (Mid-Atlantic Ridge 36°14′N). Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 15(9), 3543-3571. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1002/2014GC005269 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00210/32151/


Szitkar Florent, Dyment Jerome, Fouquet Yves, Honsho Chie, Horen Helene (2014). The magnetic signature of ultramafic-hosted hydrothermal sites. Geology, 42(8), 715-718. https://doi.org/10.1130/G35729.1


Ondreas Helene, Cannat M., Fouquet Yves, Normand Alain, Sarradin Pierre-Marie, Sarrazin Jozee (2009). Recent volcanic events and the distribution of hydrothermal venting at the Lucky Strike hydrothermal field, Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 10(2), 1-18. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1029/2008GC002171 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/6161/


Konn Cecile, Charlou Jean-Luc, Donval Jean-Pierre, Holm N. G., Dehairs F., Bouillon S. (2009). Hydrocarbons and oxidized organic compounds in hydrothermal fluids from Rainbow and Lost City ultramafic-hosted vents. Chemical Geology, 258(3-4), 299-314. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2008.10.034 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00067/17828/


Nercessian O, Fouquet Yves, Pierre C, Prieur D, Jeanthon C (2005). Diversity of Bacteria and Archaea associated with a carbonate-rich metalliferous sediment sample from the Rainbow vent field on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Environmental Microbiology, 7(5), 698-714. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2005.00744.x


Nercessian O, Bienvenu N, Moreira D, Prieur D, Jeanthon C (2005). Diversity of functional genes of methanogens, methanotrophs and sulfate reducers in deep-sea hydrothermal environments. Environmental Microbiology, 7(1), 118-132. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2004.00672.x


Rouxel OORCID, Fouquet Yves, Ludden Jn (2004). Copper isotope systematics of the Lucky Strike, Rainbow, and Logatchev sea-floor hydrothermal fields on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Economic Geology And The Bulletin Of The Society Of Economic Geologists, 99(3), 585-600. https://doi.org/10.2113/99.3.585


Nercessian O, Prokofeva M, Lebedinski A, L'Haridon S, Cary C, Prieur D, Jeanthon C (2004). Design of 16S rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes for detecting cultured and uncultured archaeal lineages in high-temperature environments. Environmental Microbiology, 6(2), 170-182. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1462-2920.2004.00560.x


Miroshnichenko Ml, L'Haridon S, Schumann P, Spring S, Bonch-Osmolovskaya Ea, Jeanthon C, Stackebrandt E (2004). Caminibacter profundus sp nov., a novel thermophile of Nautiliales ord. nov within the class 'Epsilonproteobacteria', isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent. International Journal Of Systematic And Evolutionary Microbiology, 54(1), 41-45. https://doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.02753-0


Rouxel OORCID, Dobbek N, Ludden J, Fouquet Yves (2003). Iron isotope fractionation during oceanic crust alteration. Chemical Geology, 202(1-2), 155-182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2003.08.011


Rouxel OORCID, Ludden J, Fouquet Yves (2003). Antimony isotope variations in natural systems and implications for their use as geochemical tracers. Chemical Geology, 200(1-2), 25-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2541(03)00121-9


Miroshnichenko Ml, Slobodkin Ai, Kostrikina Na, L'Haridon S, Nercessian O, Spring S, Stackebrandt E, Bonch-Osmolovskaya Ea, Jeanthon C (2003). Deferribacter abyssi sp nov., an anaerobic thermophile from deep-sea hydrothermal vents of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. International Journal Of Systematic And Evolutionary Microbiology, 53, 1637-1641. https://doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.02673-0


Miroshnichenko Ml, L'Haridon Sl, Nercessian O, Antipov An, Kostrikina Na, Tindall Bj, Schumann P, Spring S, Stackebrandt E, Bonch-Osmolovskaya Ea, Jeanthon C (2003). Vulcanithermus mediatlanticus gen. nov., sp nov., a novel member of the family Thermaceae from a deep-sea hot vent. International Journal Of Systematic And Evolutionary Microbiology, 53, 1143-1148. https://doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.02579-0


Charlou Jean-Luc, Donval Jean-Pierre, Fouquet Yves, Jean-Baptiste P, Holm N (2002). Geochemistry of high H-2 and CH4 vent fluids issuing from ultramafic rocks at the Rainbow hydrothermal field (36 degrees 14 ' N, MAR). Chemical Geology, 191(4), 345-359. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2541(02)00134-1


Rouxel OORCID, Ludden J, Carignan J, Marin L, Fouquet Yves (2002). Natural variations of Se isotopic composition determined by hydride generation multiple collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, 66(18), 3191-3199. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7037(02)00918-3


Douville E, Charlou Jean-Luc, Oelkers Eh, Bienvenu P, Colon Cfj, Donval Jean-Pierre, Fouquet Yves, Prieur D, Appriou P (2002). The rainbow vent fluids (36 degrees 14 ' N, MAR): the influence of ultramafic rocks and phase separation on trace metal content in Mid-Atlantic Ridge hydrothermal fluids. Chemical Geology, 184(1-2), 37-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2541(01)00351-5


Philippot P, Foriel J, Susini J, Khodja H, Grassineau N, Fouquet Yves (2003). High-resolution imaging of transition metal and sulfur-redox distribution in individual microfossils. Journal De Physique Iv, 104, 381-384. http://doi.org/10.1051/jp4:20030104

References of Articles published in other Periodicals or Scientific Works acclaimed in the Field

Michel Jean-Louis, Klages Michael, Barriga Fjas, Fouquet Yves, Sibuet Myriam, Sarradin Pierre-Marie, Simeoni Patrick, Drogou Jean-Francois (2003). Victor 6000: Design, utilization and first improvements. Proceedings Of The Thirteenth (2003) International Offshore And Polar Engineering Conference, Vol 1, 7-14.


Bougault Henri (2002). Dorsales médio-océaniques et hydrothermalisme. Les Techniques de l'Industrie Minérale, (15), 39-49.


Reysenbach Anna-Louise, Gotz Dorothee, Banta Amy, Jeanthon Christian, Fouquet Yves (2002). Expanding the distribution of the Aquificales to the deep-sea vents on Mid-Atlantic Ridge and Central Indian Ridge. CBM - Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 43(3-4), 425-428. Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/894/


Costa, I., Barriga, F. J. A. S., and Fouquet, Y., sous presse, Alteration processes associated with active hydrothermal sites: the Lucky Strike and Menez Gwen examples (37°20'N and 37°50'N, Mid Atlantic Ridge): Publication Société Géologique du Portugal.

Fouquet, Y., 2002, Sulfures polymétalliques hydrothermaux océaniques: Les Techniques de l'Industrie Minérale, v. 15.

Fouquet, Y., Charlou, J. L., Donval, J. P., Radford-Knoery, J., Ondréas, H., Cambon, P., Bougault, H., Etoubleau, J., Barriga, F., Costa, I., Lourenço, N., and Tivey, M., submitted, Hydrothermal processes on shallow volcanic segments: MAR near the Azores triple junction: J Mineralium deposita.

References of Technical Reports

(2001) IRIS. LEG1. 22 Mai au 5 Juin.


(2001) Compte-rendu de la Campagne : IRIS.


(2001) IRIS. LEG 1. 22 Mai au 5 Juin 2001.


References of International Seminar Communications

Charlou J.L., Donval J.P., 2003.Les manifestations hydrothermales associées à la serpentinisation des péridotites océaniques.. Société Géologique de France journées thématiques "Serpentines", 20-21 novembre 2003, Paris. Résumé. and diffuse fluids: European Geophysical Society, Nice, 2001, p. 793.

Charlou J.L., Donval J.P., Mastalerz V., Jean-Baptiste P., 2003. Hydrogen, methane and organics in ultramafic fluids from slow spreading ridges and brines and gas hydrates from margins- abiogenic and biogenic origins - Energy source for microbial metabolism. Workshop " Biogeography and biodiversity of chemosynthetic ecosystems: planning for the future", 16-18 june 2003, Southampton, 10-12.

Eissen J.P., Fouquet Y., Hardy Y., Ondréas H., 2003. Dépôts volcanoclastiques explosifsà composition basaltique formés entre 500 et 1750 mètres de profondeur à l'axe de la dorsale medio-Atlantique au sud des Açores. Réunion spécialisée de la Société Géologique de France "Océans et Ophiolites", 3-5 mars 2003, Brest. Abstract, 24.

Fouquet Y., Charlou J.L., 2003. Minéralisations hydrothermales associées au manteau sur les dorsales lentes : état des connaissances et perspectives. Réunion spécialisée de la Société Géologique de France "Océans et Ophiolites", 3-5 mars 2003, Brest. Abstract, 26.

Fouquet, Y., Charlou, J. L., Ondreas, H., Radford, K. J., Cambon, P., Barriga, F., Costa, I. A., Relvas, J., Ribeiro, A., German, C. R., and Parson, L., 2003, Hydrothermal processes in oceanic ultramafic environments; the Rainbow hydrothermal sulfide deposit, in Anonymous, ed., Brazil 2000; 31st international geological congress; abstracts volume., [International Geological Congress]. [location varies], International. 2000.

Miroshnichenko, M. L., S. L'Haridon, O. Nercessian, S. Spring, P. Schumann, E. Stackebrandt, E. A. Bonch-Osmolovskaya, & C. Jeanthon. Novel thermophilic bacteria from deep-sea hydrothermal vents. 1st FEMS Congress of European Microbiologists. Juillet 2003, Ljubljana, Slovénie.

Nercessian, O., A-L. Reysenbach, S. C. Cary & C. Jeanthon. 2003. Diversity of archaeal communities associated with hydrothermal vent samples from the East-Pacific Rise 9°N, 13°N and Mid-Atlantic Ridge 36°N. 1st FEMS Congress of European Microbiologists. Juillet 2003, Ljubljana, Slovénie.

Nercessian, O., A-L. Reysenbach, S. C Cary, Y. Fouquet & C. Jeanthon. 2003. Novel archaeal lineages in microbial assemblages associated with Atlantic and Pacific hydrothermal vents. 1st FEMS Congress of European Microbiologists. Juillet 2003, Ljubljana, Slovénie.

Nercessian, O., A-L. Reysenbach, S. C. Cary & C. Jeanthon. 2003. Diversity of archaeal communities associated with hydrothermal vent samples from the East-Pacific Rise 9°N, 13°N and Mid-Atlantic Ridge 36°N. Colloque d'Ecologie Microbienne. Carry-Le-Rouet.

Bougault, H., 2002, Les dorsales : historique et stratégie de la recherche sur l'hydrothermalisme: Séminaire "Ressources Minérales et Océan Profond", Paris, 7 mars 2002, 2002.

Charlou, J. L., Donval, J. P., Fouquet, Y., Jean-Baptiste, P., and Holm, N., 2002, Hydrogen and organics produced by serpentinization on the Mid-Atalntic Ridge: Thermal regime of ocean ridges and dynamics of hydrothermal circulation, Pavia (Italy), 9-13 September 2002, 2002, p. 35-36.

Chernyh, N. A., A. V. Lebedinskii, A. N. Perov, O. Nercessian, C. Jeanthon, E. A. Bonch-Osmolowskaya & A. D. Mirzabekov. 2002. Design of biological microchip to express analysis of biodiversity in thermal habitats. The 4th International Congress on Extremophiles, Septembre 2002, Naples, Italie.

Costa, R. P., Barriga, F., and Fouquet, Y., 2002, Evidence for a late steatization process at the Saldanha Massif (Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 36°33'50"N, 33°26'W): Thermal regime of ocean ridges and dynamics of hydrothermal circulation, Pavia (Italy), 9-13 septembre 2002, 2002, p. 30-31.

Dias, A. S., Barriga, F., and Fouquet, Y., 2002, Hydrothermal sediments from Saldanha Mount (Mid Atlantic Ridge, FAMOUS/AMAR): Thermal regime of ocean ridges and dynamics of hydrothermal circulation, Pavia (Italy), 9-13 September 2002, 2002, p. 41.

Foriel, J., Philippot, P., Susini, J., Khodja, H., and Fouquet, Y., 2002, Imagerie chimique à haute résolution de bactéries hyperthermophiles fossiles: 19ème Réunion des Sciences de la Terre, Nantes, 9-12 avril 2002, 2002, p. 119.

Marques, A. F., Barriga, F., and Fouquet, Y., 2002, Rainbow hydrothermal field: new insights into the hydrothermal mineralization processes: Thermal regime of ocean ridges and dynamics of hydrothermal circulation, Pavia (Italy), 9-13 septembre 2002, 2002, p. 61-63.

Miroshnichenko, M. L., S. L'Haridon, O. Nercessian, S. Spring, E. Stackebrandt, P. Schumann, E. A. Bonch-Osmolovskaya & C. Jeanthon. 2002. Phylogenetic and metabolic diversity at deep-sea hydrothermal vents. The 4th International Congress on Extremophiles, Septembre 2002, Naples, Italie.

Nercessian, O. G, M. I. Prokof'eva, A. V. Lebedinskii, & C. Jeanthon. 2002. Design and evaluation of 16S rRNA-targeted probes to assess the structural composition of archaeal communities thriving in hot biotopes. 8th Symposium on Aquatic Microbial Ecology, Traormina (Italie).

Nercessian, O., Reysenbach, A.?L., Cary, S. C. & Jeanthon, C. 2002. Diversity of archaeal communities associated with hydrothermal vent samples from the East-Pacific Rise 9°N, 13°N and Mid-Atlantic Ridge 36°N. 8th Symposium on Aquatic Microbial Ecology. Taormina, Italy.

Charlou, J. L., Donval, J. P., Jean-Baptiste, P., Holm, N., and Fouquet, Y., 2001, Serpentinization of ultramafics along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge: abiotic process generating hydrogen, light hydrocarbons and other various organic species in black smokers

Charlou, J. L., Donval, J. P., Jean-Baptiste, P., and Holm, N., 2001, IRIS cruise results on the MAR : hydrogen and organics from serpentinization: AGU 2001 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, 2001.

Fouquet, Y., 2001, Geometry and composition of the Rainbow sulfide deposit. Consequence on the potential occurences of bacteria in an ultramafic hydrothermal system: European Geophysical Society, Nice, 2001, p. 799.

Ludden, J., Rouxel, O., and Fouquet, Y., 2001, Antimony isotope variations in natural systems determined by MC-ICP-MS: AGU Fall Meeting, 2001.

Radford-Knoery, J., Dorval, P., Landuré, J. Y., Pellé, H., Charlou, J. L., Donval, J. P., and Fouquet, Y., 2001, On the spatial/temporal variability of dissolved manganese concentrations at the vent field scale observed by in situ analysis: Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vent Biology, Brest, France, 2001.

Rouxel, O., Fouquet, Y., and Ludden, J., 2001, Copper, selenium and sulphur isotope systematics of seafloor hydrothermal systems: EUG XI Meeting 8th, Strasbourg (France), 2001.

Rouxel, O., Ludden, J., J., C., and Fouquet, Y., 2001, Natural variations of Selenium, Copper and Antimony isotopes determined by MC-ICP-MS: application to seafloor hydrothermal systems: Geochemical Earth Reference Model (GERM) Workshop, San Diego (U.S.A.), 2001.

Charlou J.L., Donval J.P., Mastalerz V., Jean Baptiste P., Foucher J.P., Ondreas H., Cochonat P., Levaché D., 2003. Fluid circulation on mud volcanoes and pockmarks. Examples of eastern Mediterranean Sea and Congo-Angola basin. Ocean Margin Research Conference, 15-17 September 2003, Paris. Abstract, 18.

Rouxel, O., Ludden, J., Kelley, K., and Plank, T., 2001, Metal and Metalloïd input to the Mariana-Izu subduction factory (leg 185 ODP): ODP Leg 185 Postcruise Meeting, Torino (Italy), 2001

Rouxel, O., Ludden, J., and Fouquet, Y., 2001, Selenium and antimony isotope variations in natural systems determined by MC-ICP-MS: experimental and field studies: Applied Isotope Geochemistry IV, Pacific Grove, California, 2001.

Rouxel, O., Ludden, J., and Fouquet, Y., 2001, Selenium isotopes as biosignatures in seafloor hydrothermal systems: AGU Fall Meeting, 2001.

Rouxel, O., and Ludden, J., 2001, Input to the Mariana-Izu subduction factory (leg 185 ODP): siderophile and chalcophile trace elements behavior during seafloor weathering: Geochemical Earth Reference Model (GERM) Workshop, San Diego, U.S.A., 2001.

DEA or MASTER 2 using campaign data

Mastalerz V., 2003. Signature de fluides hydrothermaux enrichis en hydrogène en contexte de serpentinisation. Utilisation d'un couplage chromatographie en phase gazeuse/spectrométrie de masse. Mémoire de DEA Chimie de l'Environnement marin de l'UBO Ifremer. Brest. DRO/GM/03-22, 24 p.

Mattenet Anne-Claire. 2003. Etude de la diversité des plasmides chez les Archaea appartenant à l'ordre des Thermococcales. DEA de Microbiologie Fondamentale et appliquée. Université de Bretagne Occidentale. Soutenu le 30 juin 2003. Laboratoire d'accueil : UMR6539, Laboratoire des Sciences de l?Environnement Marin, IUEM, Plouzané.

Thesis using campaign data

Charlou, J. L., 2003, Circulation des fluides dans l'océan profond - dorsales et marges - Mise en évidence par les traceurs physiques et géochimiques - Processus physicochimiques associés: Unpub. Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches, spécialité Géosciences Marines thesis, Université de Bretagne Occidentale.

Nercessian Olivier. 2003. Etude de la diversité spécifique et fonctionnelle des communautés microbiennes associées à des sources hydrothermales marines profondes par des approches moléculaires. Université de Bretagne Occidentale. Soutenue le 20 juin 2003. Laboratoire d?accueil : UMR6539, Laboratoire des Sciences de l?Environnement Marin, IUEM, Plouzané.

Geslin Claire. 2002. Recherche te caractérisation de particules virales chez les Thermococcales (Archaea hyperthermophiles). Description du premier virus de Pyrococcus abyssi: PAV1. Université de Bretagne Occidentale. Soutenue le 19 décembre 2002. Laboratoire d?accueil : UMR6539, Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Environnement Marin, IUEM, Plouzané.

Rouxel, O., 2002, Géochimie isotopique des métaux (Fe, Cu, Sb) et des métalloïdes (S, Se) dans la croûte océanique: Unpub. Doctorat thesis, Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine (CRPG), 400 p.